Cataracts are one of the most prevalent eye problems found in eye care patients, affecting over 22 million Americans. Cataracts are formed when the eye’s natural lens clouds up as a result of biological aging or one of several other common causes. Typically developed in older patients, cataracts can lead to clouded, blurred or dim vision and potentially, blindness. The only effective treatment is surgery to remove the clouded lens. Cataract surgery can offer improved vision, and is one of the safest and most effective procedures performed today.
Glaucoma is a degenerative disease that if left untreated can cause permanent damage to the optic nerve, resulting in gradual loss of vision, tunnel vision, and eventual blindness. Damage to the optic nerve due to glaucoma is usually caused by an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Clear fluid, called aqueous humor, circulates through the eye to provide nourishment to the tissue and applies pressure to help maintain the shape of the eye.
Treatment of Glaucoma
Treatment concentrates on lowering the pressure inside the eye to prevent optic nerve damage. Eye drops are most commonly used to control glaucoma. If non-surgical methods fail to decrease pressure, surgery may be required. The peripheral iridotomy (PI) procedure does not rely on medicines, but uses an advanced laser system to create an alternate route for the draining of the fluid inside your eye. With this procedure, the laser will create a tiny hole in the upper part of the iris so that the aqueous fluid inside the eye can properly circulate and relieve the intra-ocular pressure (IOP) that has built up. This procedure is reimbursed by Medicare and other insurance providers, which minimizes your out-of-pocket expenses.
For additional surgical treatments our doctors will make a referral to the appropriate specialist eye doctor to assure that your eyes receive the degree of care they require. Records of all special testing as well as photos will be sent to the specialist eye doctor to maximize the continuity of your care.
Dry Eye Services
Dry Eye is a condition in which dry spots appear on the clear front surface of the eye. It is caused by the reduction in your eyes’ ability to naturally produce tears or when the chemical balance of your tears becomes imbalanced. There are over 10 million Americans who suffer from dry eyes.
Dry eye is common among older people or those who use computers, contact lenses, or certain medications such as allergy medicines. People who are exposed to excess amounts of sun, wind, dust or smoke will often suffer from Dry Eye Syndrome as well.
Common symptoms of Dry Eye may include itching, burning, redness, blurred vision, a scratchy sensation, excessive watering, and general irritation and discomfort after long periods of reading, watching television, or driving.
Treatment of Dry Eye
Although Dry Eye Syndrome cannot be cured, it can be treated with lubricating eye drops or certain oral medications to help alleviate symptoms so that your vision is not affected. Using a warm compress and performing lid scrubs two to three times a day may also help relieve discomfort. After soaking the eyes with a warm, damp, clean washcloth for several minutes, use a mixture of baby shampoo and water to gently scrub the eyelids and eyelashes to help improve lid hygiene and relive your symptoms.
If you use contact lenses, it is very important to follow your doctor’s instructions on cleaning and disinfecting your lenses, since your contacts can sometimes absorb your tear film and cause a cloudy protein residue to form on the lens. Frequent use of artificial tears will help rinse the eye and provide moisture and relief.